FSR400 Soldering Instr Datasheet by Interlink Electronics

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S Lead-free No clean core
HowtosolderwiretoFSRsensors
Introduction
Interlink manufactures a range of standard force sensing resistors which have solder tabs attached to allow for
connection to the appropriate measurement circuit. FSR sensors are polymeric force sensors and are constructed
with thin flexible polymer substrates and PTF materials. The typical temperatures that are generated during
soldering operations will damage the sensor if care is not taken in how this done. The following instructions
should the necessary guidance to achieve high quality electrical connection using soldering while ensuring the
integrity of the sensors is maintained.
SolderingStationType:ItisagoodpracticetousestateoftheartsolderingStation.
There a various types of Temperature controlled Soldering work stations; for example Weller, Edsyn, Hakko, Oki
and other vendors.
We use Metcal OKI PS-900 soldering station, which provides Smart Heat Technology (SHT). The SHT enables
the PS-900 to solder at lower temperatures, even for such demanding applications as lead-free soldering
processes. This means operators are more productive and materials are safe from damaging temperatures.
Soldertype:
We recommend Kester Lead-free solder #58/275 No clean core part # 24-7068-7608, wire size.015.
Lead-free solder melts at 340°C to 370°C (depending on the formula), and takes about 4 seconds to wet.
Good bonds are not shiny, and it is harder to visually detect a bad joint, at least at first.
If you use a temperature controlled soldering iron it needs to be set at least to 340°C-370°C (650F-700F)
damage the 913 is substrate Smart Heat technologx thermostat control temgemture
Lead-Free solder Flux optional: lead solder sn63pb37
Notes: Soldering 24ga wire to 402 sensor:
Warning! It does not require much heat transfer to damage the plastic
substrate. Extra precaution is required when soldering wires to FSR
400 series sensors or any other type sensor due to plastic meltdown.
1. Soldering irons with Smart Heat technology the temperature is control on contact i.e.. Metcal Oki-PS-900
However with thermostat control temperature is much higher May need to re-adjust temp between
340-370c for fast melting point, therefore precaution is needed to prevent pin meltdown on plastic. We
recommend adjusting temperature to where melts solder immediately to prevent too much contact time by
transferring to much heat to pin.
We experience melting Lead Free solder at lower temp than340C/ 640F and noted melting point is not
sufficient. Temperature needs to be 340C/640Fand above contact not to exceed 1-2 sec at a time to
prevent meltdown.
2. Prior to Soldering wires to 402 sensors certain procedure needs to be taken.
Note: Different wire gauges solder easier than others, for example 30ga requires less on time heat than
24gauge wire.
Optional: to customers
Some customers may still prefer to use Tin/Lead solder in U.S. for experimental projects verses Lead free solder.
We noted that melting point is a lot less for Lead solder than Lead Free solders, much easier to solder than Lead
free solder
For proof of concept samples using Tin/Lead solder sn63pb36 may be preferable to some customer due to lead
solder melting point being lot less than Lead Free i.e. Tin/Lead solder melts at 183C -217C vs. Lead-free solder
melting point is at 340c.
With most tin/lead solder combinations, melting does not take place all at once. Fifty-fifty solder begins to melt
at 183 C -361 F, but it's not fully melted until the temperature reaches 216 C - 420 F. Between these two
temperatures, the solder exists in a plastic or semi-liquid state. The 63/37 ratio, known as eutectic solder has
practically no plastic range, and melts almost instantly at 183 C -361 F.
PreparingToSolder
Tinning the Soldering Tip
Before use, a new soldering tip, or one that is very dirty, must be tinned. "Tinning" is the process of coating a
soldering tip with a thin coat of solder. This aids in heat transfer between the tip and the component you are
soldering, and also gives the solder a base from which to flow from.
Step 1: Warm Up the Iron
Warm up the soldering iron or gun thoroughly. Make sure that it has fully come to temperature because you are
about to melt a lot of solder on it. This is especially important if the iron is new because it may have been packed
with some kind of coating to prevent corrosion.
Step 2: Prepare A Little Space
While the soldering iron is warming up, prepare a little space to work. Moisten a little sponge and place it in the
base of your soldering iron stand or in a dish close by. Lay down a piece of cardboard in case you drip solder (you
probably will) and make sure you have room to work comfortably.
In addition to workstation obtain the following:
a. Small vise
b. Fixture made of Acrylic or Delran (3 x 85 x 50mm) with 5 mill double sided tape, one side to be taped to
plastic and other side to adhere sensor to fixture.
c. Additional 10mil plastic is used to cover sensor to prevent solder splash on to tail.
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Step 3: Thoroughly Coat the Tip in Solder
Thoroughly coat the soldering tip in solder. It is very important to cover the entire tip. You will use a considerable
amount of solder during this process and it will drip, so be ready. If you leave any part of the tip uncovered it will
tend to collect flux residue and will not conduct heat very well, so run the solder up and down the tip and
completely around it to totally cover it in molten solder.
Step 4: Clean the Soldering Tip
After you are certain that the tip is totally coated in solder, wipe the tip off on the wet sponge to remove all flux
residue. Do this immediately so there is no time for the flux to dry out and solidify.
Step 5: You're Done!
You have just tinned your soldering tip. This must be done anytime you replace the tip or clean it so that the iron
maintains good heat transfer.
A ply flux to both ends *1
Soldering wires to FSR 400 series sensors or any other sensor:
Step1:
Cut wire to length. Then strip both ends to .125 / 3mm.
Step 2:
Apply flux to both ends
Step 3:
Than pre-tin both pins, afterward make sure tin wire is .120 / 3mm in length same as pin, cut any
excess wire.
mp-lead wider ere lead solder
Step 4:
Place Sensor on fixture with double sided tape, so it sticks to fixture.
a. For additional pin protection place 5-10mil plastic cover over the pins to keep sensor in place and other solder
splash. (Optional)
Step 5: Pre-Tin pins with solder.
Note:
When soldering pins, contact time is very important in preventing meltdown of pin to plastic, apply least
amount of minimum contact time 1-2sec at time.
Warning!
With no-lead solder full wetting occurs within 4 sec where lead solder melts at much lower temperature and
lesser time ie 1.4 sec Therefore contact precaution needs to be taken with no-lead solder on contact time, too
long it will melt pin to plastic. We recommend 1-2 sec, this is the reason we pre-tin prior to making final bond.
no-lead solder shrink tubing wixh Heaxh guri point heal gun away frmn Kai] g9 prevent melxdown.
Step 6:
Solder wire to Pin.
a. Start inside of the pin by moving iron to outside of the pin.
Import step is to make solder flow with least amount contact time 1-2 sec at a time to prevent meltdown.
For novice Additional flux may be helpful to Accelerate no-lead solder to flow more readily.
Step 7:
Apply 1/8 Heat shrink tubing .250 / 6mm to cover the pins to prevent shorts.
Step 8:
Pre-shrink tubing with Heath Gun, point heat gun away from tail to prevent meltdown.

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