ADIS16203 Datasheet by Analog Devices Inc.

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Programmable 360° Inclinometer
Data Sheet
ADIS16203
Rev. C Document Feedback
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FEATURES
to 360° Inclinometer
±180 output format option
14-bit digital inclination outputs
Linear output, 0.025° resolution
12-bit digital temperature sensor output
Digitally controlled bias calibration
Digitally controlled sample rate
Digitally controlled filtering
Digitally controlled direction/orientation
Dual alarm settings with rate/threshold limits
Auxiliary digital I/O
Digitally activated self-test
Digitally activated low power mode
SPI®-compatible serial interface
Auxiliary 12-bit ADC input and DAC output
Single-supply operation: 3.0 V to 3.6 V
3500 g powered shock survivability
APPLICATIONS
Tilt sensing, inclinometers
Platform control, stabilization, and leveling
Motion/position measurement
Monitor/alarm devices (security, medical, safety)
Robotics
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The ADIS16203 is a complete incline-angle measurement system in
a single compact package enabled by the Analog Devices, Inc.,
iSensorintegration. By enhancing the Analog Devices iMEMS®
sensor technology with an embedded signal processing solution, the
ADIS16203 provides factory-calibrated, sensor-to-digital incline-
angle data in a convenient format that can be accessed using a
serial peripheral interface (SPI). The SPI interface provides access
to multiple measurements: 360° linear inclination angles, ±180°
linear incline angles, temperature, power supply, and one auxiliary
analog input. Easy access to calibrated digital sensor data provides
developers with a system-ready device, reducing development
time, cost, and program risk.
Unique characteristics of the end system are accommodated
easily through several built-in features, such as a single-command
offset calibration, along with convenient sample rate and band-
width control.
The ADIS16203 offers the following embedded features that
eliminate the need for external circuitry and provide a simplified
system interface:
Configurable alarm function
Auxiliary 12-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC)
Auxiliary 12-bit digital-to-analog converter (DAC)
Configurable digital I/O port
Digital self-test function
The ADIS16203 offers two power management features for
managing system-level power dissipation: low power mode and
a configurable shutdown feature.
The ADIS16203 is available in a 9.2 mm × 9.2 mm × 3.9 mm
laminate-based land grid array (LGA) package with a temper-
ature range of −40°C to +125°C.
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
SCLK
DIN
DOUT
CS
RST DIO0 DIO1
SPI
PORT
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
SELF-TEST
POWER
MANAGEMENT AUXILIARY
I/O
ALARMS
DIGITAL
CONTROL
SIGNAL
CONDITIONING
AND
CONVERSION
CALIBRATION
AND
DIGITAL
PROCESSING
ADIS16203
VDD
COM
AUX
ADC AUX
DAC VREF
INERTIAL
MEMS
SENSOR
AUX COM
06108-001
Figure 1.
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 2 of 26
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Features .............................................................................................. 1
Applications ....................................................................................... 1
General Description ......................................................................... 1
Functional Block Diagram .............................................................. 1
Revision History ............................................................................... 2
Specifications ..................................................................................... 3
Timing Specifications .................................................................. 5
Timing Diagrams .......................................................................... 5
Absolute Maximum Ratings ............................................................ 6
ESD Caution .................................................................................. 6
Pin Configuration and Function Descriptions ............................. 7
Typical Performace Characteristics ................................................ 8
Theory of Operation ...................................................................... 11
Output Response ........................................................................ 11
Temperature Sensor ................................................................... 11
Basic Operation ............................................................................... 12
Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) ............................................... 12
Data Output Register Access ..................................................... 13
Programming and Control ............................................................ 14
Control Register Overview ........................................................ 14
Control Register Access ............................................................. 14
Control Register Details................................................................. 15
Calibration ................................................................................... 15
Calibration Register Definition ................................................ 15
Alarms .......................................................................................... 15
Sample Period Control .............................................................. 18
Filtering Control ......................................................................... 18
Power-Down Control ................................................................ 19
Status Feedback........................................................................... 20
COMMAND Control ................................................................ 20
Miscellaneous Control Register................................................ 21
Peripherals ....................................................................................... 22
Auxiliary ADC Function ........................................................... 22
Auxiliary DAC Function ........................................................... 22
General-Purpose I/O Control .................................................. 23
Applications Information .............................................................. 24
Hardware Considerations ......................................................... 24
Grounding and Board Layout Recommendations ................. 24
Self-Test Tip s ............................................................................... 24
Band Gap Reference ................................................................... 24
Power Supply Considerations ................................................... 25
Assembly ...................................................................................... 25
Example Pad Layout ................................................................... 25
X-Ray Sensitivity ........................................................................ 25
Outline Dimensions ....................................................................... 26
Ordering Guide .......................................................................... 26
REVISION HISTORY
3/2019—Rev. B to Rev. C
Added Endnote 2 to Inclinometer, Relative Accuracy Parameter,
Tabl e 1 ; Renumbered Sequentially ................................................. 2
Added X-Ray Sensitivity Section .................................................. 25
Changes to Ordering Guide .......................................................... 26
7/2018—Rev. A to Rev. B
Changed Applications Section to Applications Information
Section .............................................................................................. 24
Deleted Power-On Reset Operation Section, Figure 33,
Second-Level Assembly Section, Figure 34, and Table 24;
Renumbered Sequentially .............................................................. 25
Added Power Supply Considerations Section, Power-On-Reset
Function Section, Transient Current from VDD Ramp Rate
Section, and Assembly Section ...................................................... 25
1/2010—Rev. 0 to Rev. A
Changes to Figure 25 ...................................................................... 11
Changes to Table 19 ........................................................................ 20
Changes to Table 23 ........................................................................ 21
Updated Outline Dimensions ........................................................ 26
8/2006—Revision 0: Initial Version
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 3 of 26
SPECIFICATIONS
TA = −40oC to +125°C, VDD = 3.3 V, tilt = 0°, unless otherwise noted.
Table 1.
Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Unit
INCLINOMETER1
Input Range 360 Degrees
Relative Accuracy2 25°C, maximum filter setting ±0.6 Degrees
Sensitivity 25°C 0.025 Degrees/LSB
Accuracy Temperature Coefficient ±0.0167 Degrees/°C
NOISE PERFORMANCE
Output Noise At 25°C, no averaging 1.0 Degrees rms
At 25°C, maximum averaging 0.1 Degrees rms
Noise Density At 25°C, no averaging 0.037 Degrees/√Hz rms
FREQUENCY RESPONSE
Sensor Bandwidth 2250 Hz
Sensor Resonant Frequency 5.5 kHz
SELF-TEST STATE
Output Change When Active At 25°C 34 Degrees
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
Output at 25°C 1278 LSB
Scale Factor
−2.13
LSB/°C
ADC INPUT
Resolution 12 Bits
Integral Nonlinearity ±2 LSB
Differential Nonlinearity ±1 LSB
Offset Error ±4 LSB
Gain Error ±2 LSB
Input Range 0 2.5 V
Input Capacitance During acquisition 20 pF
ON-CHIP VOLTAGE REFERENCE 2.5 V
Accuracy At 25°C −10 +10 mV
Reference Temperature Coefficient ±40 ppm/°C
Output Impedance 70
DAC OUTPUT 5 kΩ/100 pF to GND
Resolution 12 Bits
Relative Accuracy For Code 101 to Code 4095 4 LSB
Differential Nonlinearity 1 LSB
Offset Error ±5 mV
Gain Error ±0.5 %
Output Range 0 to 2.5 V
Output Impedance 2
Output Settling Time 10 µs
LOGIC INPUTS
Input High Voltage, VINH 2.0 V
Input Low Voltage, VINL 0.8 V
Logic 1 Input Current, IINH VIH = VDD ±0.2 ±1 µA
Logic 0 Input Current, IINL VIL = 0 V −40 −60 μA
Input Capacitance, CIN 10 pF
DIGITAL OUTPUTS
Output High Voltage, VOH ISOURCE = 1.6 mA 2.4 V
Output Low Voltage, VOL ISINK = 1.6 mA 0.4 V
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 4 of 26
Parameter Conditions Min Typ Max Unit
SLEEP TIMER
Timeout Period3 0.5 128 Seconds
FLASH MEMORY
Endurance4 20,000 Cycles
Data Retention5 TJ = 85°C 20 Years
CONVERSION RATE
Minimum Conversion Time 244 μs
Maximum Conversion Time 484 ms
Maximum Throughput Rate 4096 SPS
Minimum Throughput Rate 2.066 SPS
POWER SUPPLY
Operating Voltage Range VDD 3.0 3.3 3.6 V
Power Supply Current
Normal mode, SMPL_TIME ≥ 0x08
(fS910 Hz) at 25°C
11 14 mA
Fast mode, SMPL_TIME ≤ 0x07
(fS1024 Hz) at 25°C
36 42 mA
Sleep mode at 25°C 500 750 µA
Turn-On Time 130 ms
1 This sensor relies on the earth’s gravity to provide accurate incline angle measurements. The axis of rotation must be perpendicular to the earth’s gravity to maintain the
factory-calibrated accuracy of the sensor.
2 X-ray exposure may degrade this performance metric.
3 Guaranteed by design.
4 Endurance is qualified as per JEDEC Standard 22 Method A117 and measured at −40°C, +25°C, +85°C, and +125°C.
5 Retention lifetime equivalent at junction temperature (TJ) 55°C as per JEDEC Standard 22 Method A117. Retention lifetime decreases with junction temperature.
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 5 of 26
TIMING SPECIFICATIONS
TA = +25°C, VDD = 3.3 V, tilt = 0°, unless otherwise noted.
Table 2.
Parameter Description Min1 Typ Max Unit
fSCLK Fast mode, SMPL_TIME 0x07 (fS ≥ 1024 Hz) 0.01 2.5 MHz
Normal mode, SMPL_TIME 0x08 (fS ≤ 910 Hz) 0.01 1.0 MHz
tDATARATE Chip select period, fast mode, SMPL_TIME 0x07 (fS ≥ 1024 Hz) 40 μs
Chip select period, normal mode, SMPL_TIME 0x08 (fS ≤ 910 Hz) 100 μs
tCS Chip select to clock edge 48.8 ns
tDAV Data output valid after SCLK falling edge2 100 ns
tDSU Data input setup time before SCLK rising edge 24.4 ns
tDHD Data input hold time after SCLK rising edge 48.8 ns
tDF Data output fall time 5 12.5 ns
tDR Data output rise time 5 12.5 ns
tSFS CS high after SCLK edge3 5 ns
1 Guaranteed by design, not production tested.
2 The MSB presents an exception to this parameter. The MSB clocks out on the falling edge of CS. The rest of the DOUT bits are clocked after the falling edge of SCLK and are
governed by this specification.
3 This parameter may need to be expanded to allow for proper capture of the LSB. After CS goes high, the DOUT line goes into a high impedance state.
TIMING DIAGRAMS
CS
SCLK
t
DATARATE
t
STALL
= t
DATARATE
– 16/f
SCLK
t
STALL
06108-002
Figure 2. SPI Chip Select Timing
CS
SCLK
DOUT
DIN
1 2 3 4 5 6 15 16
W/R A5 A4 A3 A2 D2
MSB DB14
D1 LSB
DB13 DB12 DB10DB11 DB2 LSBDB1
t
CS
t
SFS
t
DAV
t
DHD
t
DSU
06108-003
Figure 3. SPI Timing, Utilizing SPI Settings Typically Identified as Phase = 1, Polarity = 1
Am ESD (ele‘hostili‘ dischirge) sensitive device. Charged dewces and ("cm boards can umhayge wvmom dewecfion Almough (ms pvodun femuves patemed m propylelavy plmecllon mmmy, damage may occur on devvces subjeued xo mgn enevgy ESD Thevefave, prupev ESD pvezaununs should be when m mm pemnmame degradanon m \055 o! mnmonamy
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 6 of 26
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Table 3.
Parameter Rating
Acceleration (Any Axis, Unpowered) 3500 g
Acceleration (Any Axis, Powered) 3500 g
VDD to COM 0.3 V to +7.0 V
Digital Input/Output Voltage to COM 0.3 V to +5.5 V
Analog Inputs to COM −0.3 V to VDD + 0.3 V
Operating Temperature Range −40°C to +125°C
Storage Temperature Range −65°C to +150°C
Stresses at or above those listed under Absolute Maximum
Ratings may cause permanent damage to the product. This is a
stress rating only; functional operation of the product at these
or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational
section of this specification is not implied. Operation beyond
the maximum operating conditions for extended periods may
affect product reliability.
Table 4. Package Characteristics
Package Type θJA θJC Device Weight
16-Terminal LGA 250°C/W 25°C/W 0.6 g
ESD CAUTION
E: DUDE EDGE |:||:||:||:| Elfin RST
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 7 of 26
PIN CONFIGURATION AND FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
AUX ADC
VDD
VREF
COM
NC
AUX COM
DIO1
DIO0
NC = NO CONNECT
AUX DAC
NC
AUX COM
RST
SCLK
DOUT
DIN
CS
ADIS16203
BOTTOM
VIEW
(Not to Scale)
1
2
3
12
9
10
11
4
56
7
8
16
13 14 15
06108-004
Figure 4. Pin Configuration
Table 5. Pin Function Descriptions
Pin No. Mnemonic Type 1 Description
1 SCLK I SPI Serial Clock.
2 DOUT O SPI Data Out.
3 DIN I SPI Data In.
4 CS I SPI Chip Select, Active Low. This input frames the serial data transfer.
5, 6 DIO0, DIO1 I/O Multifunction Digital I/O Pin.
7, 11 NC No Connect.
8, 10 AUX COM S Auxiliary Grounds. Connect to GND for proper operation.
9 RST I Reset, Active Low. This input resets the embedded microcontroller to a known state.
12 AUX DAC O Auxiliary DAC Analog Voltage Output.
13 VDD S +3.3 V Power Supply.
14 AUX ADC I Auxiliary ADC Analog Input Voltage.
15 VREF O Precision Reference Output.
16 COM S Common. Reference point for all circuitry in the ADIS16203.
1 S = supply, O = output, I = input.
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 8 of 26
TYPICAL PERFORMACE CHARACTERISTICS
30
0–1.0
ERROR (Degrees)
POPULATION (%)
06108-032
25
20
15
10
5
–0.8 –0.6 –0.4 –0.2 00.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0
Figure 5. Inclination Error Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V, Incline =
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
–1.0
–0.5
–40 120
TEMPERATURE (°C)
INCL_OUT (Degrees)
–20 020 40 60 80 100
06108-006
Figure 6. Inclination Error vs. Temperature
0.40
0
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
±ERROR (Degrees)
06108-033
0.35
0.30
0.25
0.20
0.15
0.10
0.05
2.9 3.73.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
Figure 7. Inclination Error vs. Supply
90
0
2.9 3.7
SUPPLY (V)
INCL_OUT (Degrees)
3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
06108-008
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
Figure 8. Self-Test Shift vs. Supply at 25°C
150
0
607.6
607.8
608.0
608.2
608.4
608.6
608.8
609.0
609.2
609.4
609.6
609.8
610.0
610.2
610.4
610.6
610.8
611.0
611.2
611.4
611.6
611.8
612.0
612.2
612.4
(µV/LSB)
QUANTITY
125
100
75
50
25
06108-009
Figure 9. ADC Gain Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V
80
0
–2.4
–2.1
–1.8
–1.5
–1.2
–0.9
–0.6
–0.3
0
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
4.5
4.8
(mV)
QUANTITY
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
06108-010
Figure 10. ADC Offset Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 9 of 26
3
–3 116384
ADC CODES
NONLINEARITY (LSB)
2
1
0
–1
–2
4096 8192 12288
06108-011
Figure 11. Typical ADC Integral Nonlinearity at 25°C/3.3 V
3
–3 116384
ADC CODES
NONLINEARITY (LSB)
2
1
0
–1
–2
4096 8192 12288
06108-012
Figure 12. Typical ADC Differential Nonlinearity
120
0
606.6
606.9
607.2
607.5
607.8
608.1
608.4
608.7
609.0
609.3
609.6
609.9
610.2
610.5
610.8
611.1
611.4
611.7
612.0
612.3
612.6
612.9
613.2
613.5
613.8
(µV/LSB)
QUANTITY
100
80
60
40
20
06108-013
Figure 13. DAC Gain Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V
45
0
–2.7
–2.4
–2.1
–1.8
–1.5
–1.2
–0.9
–0.6
–0.3
0
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
4.5
(mV)
QUANTITY
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
06108-014
Figure 14. DAC Offset Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V
5
–5 04096
DAC CODES
NONLINEARITY (LSB)
4
3
2
1
0
–1
–2
–3
–4
512 1024 1536 2048 2560 3072 3584
3.0V/–40°C
3.0V/+25°C
3.0V/+125°C
3.3V /–40°C
3.3V/+25°C
3.3V/+125°C
3.6V/–40°C
3.6V/+25°C
3.6V/+125°C
06108-015
Figure 15. Typical DAC Integral Nonlinearity
250
0
2.4975
2.4977
2.4979
2.4981
2.4983
2.4985
2.4987
2.4989
2.4991
2.4993
2.4995
2.4997
2.4999
2.5001
2.5003
2.5005
2.5007
2.5009
2.5011
2.5013
2.5015
2.5017
2.5019
2.5021
2.5023
(V)
QUANTITY
200
150
100
50
06108-016
Figure 16. VREF Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 10 of 26
60
0
15
15
16
16
17
17
18
18
19
19
20
20
21
21
22
22
23
23
24
24
25
25
26
26
27
27
C)
QUANTITY
50
40
30
20
10
06108-017
Figure 17. Temperature Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V
140
0
9.4
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.6
10.9
11.2
11.5
11.8
12.1
12.4
12.7
13.0
(mA)
QUANTITY
120
100
80
60
40
20
06108-018
Figure 18. Normal Mode Power Supply Current Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V
140
0
29.0
29.6
30.2
30.8
31.4
32.0
32.6
33.2
33.8
34.4
35.0
35.6
36.2
36.8
37.4
38.0
38.6
39.2
39.8
40.4
41.0
41.6
42.2
42.8
43.4
(mA)
QUANTITY
120
100
80
60
40
20
06108-019
Figure 19. Fast Mode Power Supply Current Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V
180
0
370
378
386
394
402
410
418
426
434
442
450
458
466
474
482
490
498
506
514
522
530
538
546
554
562
(µA)
QUANTITY
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
06108-020
Figure 20. Sleep Mode Power Supply Current Distribution at 25°C/3.3 V
0
–50 150
TEMPERATURE (°C)
SLEEP MODE CURRENT (A)
0.0010
0.0008
0.0006
0.0004
0.0002
–30 –10 10 30 50 70 90 110 130
06108-021
Figure 21. Sleep Mode Current vs. Temperature at 3.3 V
0
2.9 3.7
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
SLEEP MODE CURRENT (A)
0.0010
0.0008
0.0006
0.0004
0.0002
3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
06108-022
Figure 22. Sleep Mode Current vs. Supply Voltage at 25°C
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Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 11 of 26
THEORY OF OPERATION
The ADIS16203 is a calibrated digital inclinometer that provides a
full 360° of measurement range in any rotational plane that is parallel to
the earths gravity. A dual-axis accelerometer provides the base-sensing
function, which resolves the earths gravity into two orthogonal vectors,
as displayed in Figure 23. A power-efficient approach to a common
trigonometric identity converts these orthogonal vectors into an incline-
angle measurement.
EARTH’S SURFACE
1g
1g
a
2
a
1
06108-036
Figure 23. Sensor Measurement Diagram
The digital postprocessing circuit digitizes the sensor outputs and
applies sensitivity/offset calibration coefficients prior to angle
calculations. A factory calibration produces these coefficients using
a full 360° mechanical rotational apparatus. This eliminates the need
for system-level calibration in many cases. In addition to calibrating
the sensor elements, the ADIS16203 corrects for power-supply-
dependent parameters, providing a more robust calibration.
The accuracy of the incline-angle measurements relies on three
important factors: the absence of external (aside from gravity)
acceleration, managing offset errors introduced during system-level
configuration, and maintaining a proper axis of rotation (rotation
plane parallel with earths gravity). All of these factors can influence
the acceleration measurements and introduce error. The ADIS16203
provides a simple method for calibrating configuration errors by
providing the INCL_NULL register function. See the Calibration
section for more details. In addition, a 10° tilt plane error can
introduce as much as ±1° of error in the incline-angle outputs.
SYSTEM-LEVEL ORIENTATION OFFSET
TILT PLANE ERROR
IDEAL = 90°
PCB
ATTACHMENT
OFFSET
EARTH’S SURFACE
06108-038
Figure 24. ADIS16203 System-Level Orientation
OUTPUT RESPONSE
The incline-angle measurements are linear with respect to
degrees, and the sensors orientation produces the output
response displayed in Figure 25. This figure is helpful in
understanding the basic orientation of the inertial sensor
measurement axes.
BOTTOM
VIEW
(Not to Scale)
INCL_OUT = +270°
INCL_180_OUT = –90°
INCL_OUT = 180°
INCL_180_OUT = 180°
INCL_OUT = 0°
INCL_180_OUT = 0°
INCL_OUT = 90°
INCL_180_OUT = 90°
EARTH’S SURFACE
06108-023
Figure 25. Output Response vs. Orientation
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
An internal temperature sensor monitors the accelerometer’s
junction temperature. The TEMP_OUT data register provides a
digital representation of this measurement. This sensor provides a
convenient temperature measurement for system-level charac-
terization and calibration feedback.
The G NEXT COMMAND BASED ON navuous COMMAND man REGISTER comzms
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 12 of 26
BASIC OPERATION
The ADIS16203 is designed for simple integration into industrial
system designs, requiring only a 3.3 V power supply and a 4-wire,
industry standard SPI. The SPI port facilitates all data transfers
with the ADIS16203’s registers. Each ADIS16203 function (output
data and programming control) has its own register that contains
two bytes of data, and each byte of data has its own unique bit
map. These two bytes are referred to as upper and lower bytes, and
each has its own 6-bit address.
SERIAL PERIPHERAL INTERFACE (SPI)
The ADIS16203’s SPI port provides a common interface that is
supported by a wide variety of digital platforms, including MCUs,
DSPs, and FPGAs. Even when a dedicated port is not available, the
SPI can be implemented using manual bit manipulation, which is
more commonly known as bit banging. The purpose of this section is
to provide a basic description of SPI operation in the ADIS16203.
Please refer to Table 2, Figure 2, and Figure 3 for detailed timing
and operation of this port.
The ADIS16203’s SPI port includes four signals: chip select (CS),
serial clock (SCLK), data input (DIN), and data output (DOUT).
The CS line enables the ADIS16203’s SPI port and, in effect,
frames each SPI event. When this signal is high, the DOUT lines
are in a high impedance state and the signals on DIN and SCLK
have no impact on operation. A complete data frame contains 16
clock cycles. Because the SPI port operates in full duplex mode, it
supports simultaneous, 16-bit receive (DIN) and transmit (DOUT)
functions during the same data frame.
Figure 26 displays a typical data frame for writing a command to a
control register. In this case, the first bit of the DIN sequence is a
1, followed by a 0, then the 6-bit address and 8-bit data command.
Because each write command covers a single byte of data, two data
frames are required when writing the entire 16-bit space of a register.
Reading the contents of a register requires a modification to the
sequence in Figure 26. In this case, the first two bits in the DIN
sequence are 0, followed by the address of the register. Each register
has two addresses, but either one can be used to access its entire
16 bits of data. The final eight bits of the DIN sequence are irrelevant
and can be counted as don’t cares during a read command. Then,
during the next data frame, the DOUT sequence will contain the
register’s 16-bit data, as shown in Figure 27. Even though a single
read command requires two separate data frames, the full duplex
mode minimizes this overhead, requiring only one extra data frame
when continuously sampling.
CS
SCLK
DIN
06108-037
W/R A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 DC7 DC6 DC5 DC4 DC3 DC2 DC1 DC0
DATA FRAME
WRITE = 1
READ = 0 REGISTER ADDRESS DATA FOR WRITE COMMANDS
DON’T CARE FOR READ COMMANDS
Figure 26. DIN Bit Sequence
ADDRESS DON’T CARE NEXT COMMAND
BASED ON PREVIOUS COMMAND
DATA FRAME
16-BIT REGISTER CONTENTS
CS
SCLK
DIN
DOUT
W/R BIT ZERO
06108-024
DATA FRAME
Figure 27. SPI Sequence for Read Commands
*7 H [ _MMWWMMW 7 j W l—l
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 13 of 26
DATA OUTPUT REGISTER ACCESS
The ADIS16203 provides access to two calibrated incline-angle
measurements (+360° and ±180° output formats), power supply
measurements, temperature measurements, and an auxiliary
12-bit ADC channel. This output data is continuously updating
internally, regardless of user read rates. The follow bit map describes
the structure of all output data registers in the ADIS16203.
MSB LSB
ND EA D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8
D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
The MSB holds the new data (ND) indicator. When the output
registers are updated with new data, the ND bit goes to a 1 state.
After the output data is read, it returns to a 0 state. The EA bit is
used to indicate an alarm condition, which could result from a
number of conditions, such as a power supply that is out of the
specified operating range. See the Alarms section for more details.
The output data is either 12 or 14 bits in length. For all of the 12-bit
output data, the D13 and D12 bits are assigned don’t care status.
The output data register map is located in Table 6 and provides all
of the necessary details for accessing each register’s data. Table 7
displays the output coding for the ±180° output data register,
INCL_180_OUT, and Figure 28 displays a timing diagram
example for reading this register.
Table 6. Data Output Register Information
Name Function Address
Resolution
(Bits)
Data
Format
Scale Factor
(per LSB)
SUPPLY_OUT Power supply data 0x03, 0x02 12 Binary 1.22 mV
AUX_ADC Auxiliary analog input data 0x09, 0x08 12 Binary 0.61 mV
TEMP_OUT
Sensor temperature data
0x0B, 0x0A
12
Binary
−0.47°C
INCL_OUT Inclination data 0x0D, 0x0C 14 Binary 0.025°
INCL_180_OUT ±180° inclination data 0x0F, 0x0E 14 Twos complement 0.025°
Table 7. Output Coding Example, INCL_180_OUT1, 2
Acceleration Level Binary Output Hex Output Decimal
+170.10° 01 1010 1001 0100 0x1A94 +6804
+93.05° 00 1110 1000 1010 0x0E8A +3722
+0.625° 00 0000 0001 1001 0x0019 +25
0.00° 00 0000 0000 0000 0x0000 0
−0.625 11 1111 1110 0111 0x3FE7 −25
−93.05° 11 0001 0111 0110 0x3176 −3722
−170.10° 11 1100 0001 1000 0x256C −6804
1 Two MSBs have been masked off and are not considered in the coding.
2 Nominal sensitivity (0.025°/LSB) and zero offset null performance are assumed.
ADDRESS = 001111 ADDRESS = 001111 OR 0x0F
DATA = 1000111010001010
NEW DATA, NO ALARM, INCL_180_OUT = +93.05°
DOUT
06108-025
CS
SCLK
DIN
W/R BIT = 0 W/R BIT = 0
Figure 28. SPI Sequence Reading INCL_OUT When Incline Angle = 93.05°
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 14 of 26
PROGRAMMING AND CONTROL
CONTROL REGISTER OVERVIEW
The ADIS16203 offers many programmable features that are
controlled by writing commands to the appropriate control registers
using the SPI. For added system flexibility and programmability,
the following sections describe these controls and specify each
register’s configuration. A list of features that are available for
configuration in this register space follows:
Calibration: Automatic offset null, manual offset adjustment,
factory reset
Rotational direction: clockwise or counter-clockwise
Sample rate adjustment
Filter response optimization
Alarm settings: threshold or rate of change, and comparison
with filtered or unfiltered data
I/O configuration: data ready, etc.
Power management: sleep mode, normal and high
performance modes
Auxiliary DAC level setting
Status checks: verify power supply, SPI communication,
package orientation
Flash™ updates to store configuration
CONTROL REGISTER ACCESS
Table 8 displays the control register map for the ADIS16203,
including address, volatile status, basic function, and accessibility
(read/write). The following sections contain detailed descriptions
and configurations for each of these registers.
The ADIS16203 is a Flash-based device with the nonvolatile
functional registers implemented as Flash registers. Take note of
the endurance limitation of 20,000 writes when considering the
system-level integration of these devices. The nonvolatile column
in Table 8 indicates the registers that are recovered on power-up. The
user must use a manual Flash update command (using the
command register) to store the nonvolatile data registers once they
are configured properly. When performing a manual Flash update
command, the user needs to ensure that the power supply remains
within limits for a minimum of 50 ms after the start of the update.
This ensures a successful write of the nonvolatile data.
Table 8. Control Register Mapping
Register Name Type Nonvolatile Address Bytes Function
0x00 to 0x01 2 Reserved
INCL_NULL R/W X 0x18 2 Incline null calibration
ALM_MAG1 R/W X 0x20 2 Alarm 1 amplitude threshold
ALM_MAG2 R/W X 0x22 2 Alarm 2 amplitude threshold
ALM_SMPL1 R/W X 0x24 2 Alarm 1 sample period
ALM_SMPL2 R/W X 0x26 2 Alarm 2 sample period
ALM_CTRL R/W X 0x28 2 Alarm source control register
0x2A to 0x2F 6 Reserved
AUX_DAC R/W 0x30 2 Auxiliary DAC data
GPIO_CTRL R/W 0x32 2 Auxiliary digital I/O control register
MSC_CTRL R/W X 0x34 2 Miscellaneous control register
SMPL_TIME R/W X 0x36 2 ADC sample period control
AVG_CNT R/W X 0x38 2 Defines number of samples used by moving average filter
SLP_CNT R/W 0x3A 2 Counter used to determine length of power-down mode
STATUS R 0x3C 2 System status register
COMMAND W 0x3E 2 System command register
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 15 of 26
CONTROL REGISTER DETAILS
All ADIS16203 control registers are organized into 2-byte segments,
and both upper (Bit 8 to Bit 15) and lower (Bit 0 to Bit 7) bytes have
unique addresses and can be accessed individually.
MSB LSB
D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9 D8
D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
This section provides a description of each register, including its
purpose, relevant scaling information, bit maps, addresses, and
default values.
CALIBRATION
In addition to the factory calibration, the ADIS16203 provides two
user calibration options. Both options utilize the INCL_NULL
control register, which provides an add function to the two incline-
angle output registers: INCL_OUT and INCL_180_OUT. Because
the default contents of INCL_NULL are 0, adding it to these two
outputs has no effect on the output data.
The first calibration option is an automatic null function. This function
measures the contents of INCL_OUT and then writes the inverse of
this value into the INCL_NULL control register. The accuracy of this
calibration is dependent on the stability of the INCL_OUT measure-
ment; therefore, maximizing the filtering will minimize the errors
associated with noise. Table 9 displays a sequence that executes the
automatic null.
Table 9. Automatic Null Sequence
Step Description
Write 0x08 to Address 0x38 Sets averaging count to 256
using the AVG_CNT register
Wait for 512 samples Waits for the lowest noise data
Write 0x01 to Address 0x3E Executes the global autonull
function using the COMMAND
register
Restore previous average count
Increasing the sample rate using the SMPL_TIME control register
will minimize the waiting time if this parameter is critical.
The second option for system-level calibration is manual adjustment.
The INCL_NULL control register can be updated using write com-
mands. Refer to its definition in the INCL_NULL Register Definition
section for details.
The factory calibration can be restored by writing 0x02 to Register
Address 0x3E. This restores INCL_NULL to 0.
CALIBRATION REGISTER DEFINITION
INCL_NULL Register Definition
Address Scale1 Default Format Access
0x19, 0x18 0.025° 0x0000 Binary R/W
1 Scale is the weight of each LSB.
The INCL_NULL register is the user controlled register for
calibrating system-level inclination offset errors. The maximum
calibration range is +0° to +359.975° or 0 to +14,399 decimal
codes. The contents of this register are nonvolatile.
Table 10. INCL_NULL Bit Designations
Bit Description
15:14 Not necessary, force to 0
13:0 Data bits
ALARMS
The ADIS16203 contains two independent alarm functions that
are referred to as Alarm 1 and Alarm 2. The Alarm 1 function is
managed by the ALM_MAG1 and ALM_SMPL1 control registers.
The Alarm 2 function is managed by the ALM_MAG2 and
ALM_SMPL2 control registers. Both the Alarm 1 and Alarm 2
functions share the ALM_CTRL register. For simplicity, this
section refers to the Alarm 1 functionality only.
The 16-bit ALM_CTRL register serves several roles in controlling
the Alarm 1 function. First, it is used to enable the overall Alarm 1
function and to select the output data variable that is to be
monitored for the alarm condition. Second, it is used to select
whether the Alarm 1 function is based upon a predefined threshold
(THR) level or a predefined rate-of-change (ROC) slope. Third,
the ALM_CTRL register can be used in setting up one of the
two general-purpose input/output lines (GPIOs) to serve as a
hardware output that indicates when an alarm condition has
occurred. Enabling the I/O alarm function as well as setting its
polarity and controlling its operation are accomplished using
this register. Fourth, this register provides the controls for
setting the comparison data as filtered or unfiltered.
Note that when enabled, the hardware output indicator serves
both the Alarm 1 and Alarm 2 functions and cannot be used to
differentiate between one alarm condition and the other. It is
simply used to indicate that an alarm is active and that the user
should poll the device via the SPI to determine the source of the
alarm condition (see the STATUS Register Definition section).
Because the ALM_CTRL, MSC_CTRL, and GPIO_CTRL
control registers can influence the same GPIO pins, a priority
level has been established to avoid conflicting assignments of
the two GPIO pins. This priority level is defined as MSC_CTRL,
which has precedence over ALM_CTRL, which has precedence
over GPIO_CTRL.
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 16 of 26
The ALM_MAG1 control register used in controlling the Alarm 1
function has two roles. The first role is to store the value with which
the output data variable is compared against to discern if an alarm
condition exists. The second role is to identify whether the alarm
should be active for excursions above or below the alarm limit. If 1 is
written to Bit 15 of the ALM_MAG1 control register, the alarm is
active for excursions extending above a given limit. If 0 is written to
Bit 15, the alarm is active for excursions dropping below the given
limit. The comparison value contained within the ALM_MAG1
control register is located within the lower 14 bits.
The monitored output register establishes the format of the 14-bit
data space in the ALM_MAG1 and ALM_MAG2 registers. For
example, setting the alarm to monitor INCL_OUT sets the data
format to a 14-bit, twos complement number, which carries a bit
weight of 0.025°.
Use caution when monitoring the temperature output register for the
alarm conditions. Here, the negative temperature scale factor results
in the greater than and less than selections requiring reverse logic.
Setting Bit 11 in the ALM_CTRL register establishes the mode of
operation: threshold or rate of change (ROC). When the ROC
function is enabled, the comparison of the output data variable is
against the ALM_MAG1 level averaged over the number of samples
as identified in the ALM_SMPL1 control register. This acts to create
a comparison of units/Δ time) or the derivative of the output data
variable against a predefined slope.
The versatility built into the alarm function allows the user to adapt
to several applications. For example, in the case of monitoring twos
complement variables, Bit 15 within the ALM_MAG1 control register
can allow for the detection of negative excursions below a fixed level.
In addition, the Alarm 1 and Alarm 2 functions can be set to monitor
the same variable that allows the user to discern if an output variable
remains within a predefined window.
Another potential ROC application is to monitor slowly changing
outputs in the inclination level. With the addition of the alarm hard-
ware functionality, the ADIS16203 can be left to run independently
of the main processor and interrupt the system only when an alarm
condition occurs. Conversely, the alarm condition can be monitored
through the routine polling of any one of the seven data output registers.
Bits 4 and 5 in the ALM_CTRL register establishes whether
ALM_MAG1 and ALM_MAG2 are compared with filtered or
unfiltered data.
ALM_MAG1 Register Definition
Address Default1 Format2 Access
0x21, 0x20 0x0000 N/A R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
2 Format is established by source of monitored data
The ALM_MAG1 register contains the threshold level for
Alarm 1. The contents of this register are nonvolatile.
Table 11. ALM_MAG1 Bit Designations
Bit Description
15 Greater than Active Alarm Bit.
1: Alarm is active for an output greater than
ALM_MAG1 register setting.
0: Alarm is active for an output less than
ALM_MAG1 register setting.
14 Not used.
13:0 Data Bits. This number can be either twos complement
or straight binary. The format is set by the value being
monitored by this function.
ALM_SMPL1 Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x25, 0x24 0x0000 Binary R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
The ALM_SMPL1 register contains the sample period information
for Alarm 1, when it is set for ROC alarm monitoring. The ROC
alarm function averages the change in the output variable over the
specified number of samples and compares this change directly
to the values specified in the ALM_MAG1 register. The contents
of this register are nonvolatile.
Table 12. ALM_SMPL1 Bit Designations
Bit Description
15:8 Not used
7:0 Data bits
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 17 of 26
ALM_MAG2 Register Definition
Address Default1 Format2 Access
0x23, 0x22 0x0000 N/A R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
2 Format is established by source of monitored data.
The ALM_MAG2 register contains the threshold level for Alarm 2.
The contents of this register are nonvolatile.
Table 13. ALM_MAG2 Bit Designations
Bit Description
15 Greater than Active Alarm Bit.
1: Alarm is active for an output greater than
ALM_MAG2 register setting.
0: Alarm is active for an output less than
ALM_MAG2 register setting.
14 Not used.
13:0 Data Bits. This number can be either twos complement
or straight binary. The format is set by the value being
monitored by this function.
ALM_SMPL2 Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x27, 0x26 0x0000 Binary R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
The ALM_SMPL2 register contains the sample period information
for Alarm 2, when it is set for ROC alarm monitoring. The ROC
alarm function averages the change in the output variable over the
specified number of samples and compares this change directly to
the values specified in the ALM_MAG2 register. The contents of this
register are nonvolatile.
Table 14. ALM_SMPL2 Bit Designations
Bit Description
15:8 Not used
7:0 Data bits
ALM_CTRL Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x29, 0x28 0x0000 N/A R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
The ALM_CTRL register contains the alarm control variables.
Table 15. ALM_CTRL Bit Designations
Bit Value Description
15 Rate of Change (ROC) Enable for Alarm 2
1: ROC is active
0: ROC is inactive
14:12 Alarm 2 Source Selection
000 Alarm disable
001 Alarm source: power supply output
010 Not used
011 Not used
100 Alarm source: auxiliary ADC output
101 Alarm source: temperature sensor output
110 Alarm source: INCL_OUT output
111 Alarm source: INCL_180_OUT output
11 Rate of Change (ROC) Enable for Alarm 1
1: ROC is active
0: ROC is inactive
10:8 Alarm 1 Source Selection
000 Alarm disable
001 Alarm source: power supply output
010 Not used
011 Not used
100 Alarm source: auxiliary ADC output
101 Alarm source: temperature sensor output
110 Alarm source: INCL_OUT output
111 Alarm source: INCL_180_OUT output
7:6 Not used
5 ADF2—Alarm Data Filter
1: Use filtered data for comparison
0: Use instantaneous data for comparison
4 ADF1—Alarm Data Filter
1: Use filtered data for comparison
0: Use instantaneous data for comparison
3 Not used
2 Alarm Output Enable
1: Alarm output enabled
0: Alarm output disabled
1 Alarm Output Polarity
1: Active high
0: Active low
0 Alarm Output Line Select
1: DIO1
0: DIO0
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 18 of 26
SAMPLE PERIOD CONTROL
The output data variables within the ADIS16203 are sampled and
updated at a rate based upon the SMPL_TIME control register. The
sample period can be precisely controlled over more than a three-
decade range using a time base with two settings and a 7-bit binary
count. The use of a time base that varies with a ratio of 1:31 allows
for a more optimum resolution in the sample period than a straight
binary counter. This is reflected in Figure 29, where the frequency is
presented on a logarithmic scale.
Note that the sample period given is defined as the cumulative time
required to sample, process, and update all data output variables. The
data output variables are sampled as a group and in unison with one
another. Whatever update rate is selected for one signal, all output
data variables are updated at the same rate whether they are monitored
via the SPI or not.
For a sample period setting of less than 1098.9 µs (SMPL_TIME
0x07), the overall power dissipation in the part rises by approx-
imately 300%.
256
0110k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
SMPL_TIME VALUE
192
128
64
10 100 1k
06108-026
Figure 29. SMPL_TIME Values vs. Sample Frequency
SMPL_TIME Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x37, 0x36 0x0008 N/A R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
The data within this register is nonvolatile, allowing for data
recovery upon reset.
Table 16. SMPL_TIME Bit Descriptions
Bit Description
15:8 Not used.
7 ADC Time Base Control. The MSB and TMBS set the
time base of the acquisition system to 122.1 μs when
SR7 = 0 vs. 3.784 ms when SR7 = 1.
6:0 ADC Sample Period Count. The lower seven bits, SP6
to SP0, represent a binary count that results in the
combined sample period of the ADC when added to
one and then multiplied by the time base. (The
combined sample period is the period required to
sample and update all seven data outputs.) The
minimum setting for the lower seven bits, SP6 to SP0,
is 0x01. The overall acquisition time can be varied
from 244.2 μs to 15.51 ms in 122.1 μs increments for
TMBS = 0 and from 7.57 ms to 481 ms in 3.784 ms
increments for TMBS = 1. This equates to the sample
rate varying from 4096 SPS to 64.5 SPS for TMBS = 0
and from 132 SPS to 2.08 SPS for TMBS = 1.
FILTERING CONTROL
The ADIS16203 uses two types of filters for the output data. The
INCL_OUT and INCL_180_OUT data outputs use a Bartlett
Window function, and the SUPPLY_OUT, AUX_ADC, and
TEMP_OUT data outputs use a standard moving-averaging
filter. The number of taps set by the AVG_CNT control register
establishes the frequency response. The number of taps can be
derived from the contents of AVG_CNT using the following
equation:
CNTAVG
N_
2=
The following equations characterize the expected behavior of
each filtering approach. Figure 30 and Figure 31 shows the
frequency responses of each filter approach.
Averaging:
( )
( )
s
s
AtfN
tfN
fH ××π×
×××π
=sin
sin
)(
Bartlett Window:
()
)
(
2
fH
fH
A
B
=
The primary difference in the frequency responses offered by
each approach lies in their side lobes, which are 13 dB better in
the Bartlett Windowing approach. The Bartlett Window filtering
has two times the latency of the moving average filter.
29 H \ \ HHH =3 “ \ only return to n 2" M wumg ‘ - "=2 mum]; "=15 r wanna "=2“
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 19 of 26
20
–60 1
FREQUENCY (Hz)
ATTENUATION (dB)
06108-034
10000
0
–20
–40
10 100 1000
AVG_CNT = 8
N = 256
AVG_CNT = 4
N = 16
AVG_CNT = 1
N = 2
CORE SENSOR
RESPONSE
Figure 30. INCL_OUT, INCL_180_OUT Filter Response
20
–60 1
FREQUENCY (Hz)
ATTENUATION (dB)
06108-035
10000
0
–20
–40
10 100 1000
AVG_CNT = 8
N = 256
AVG_CNT = 4
N = 16
AVG_CNT = 1
N = 2
Figure 31. SUPPLY_OUT, AUX_ADC, and TEMP_OUT Filter Response,
fS = 4096 SPS
AVG_CNT Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x39, 0x38 0x0007 Binary R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
The AVG_CNT register contains information that represents the
number of averages to be applied to the output data. The number of
averages can be calculated by powers of 2. The number of averages
can be set to 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, or 256.
Table 17. AVG_CNT Bit Description
Bit Description
15:4 Not used
3:0 Data bits (maximum = 1000, or a decimal value of 8)
POWER-DOWN CONTROL
The ADIS16203 has the ability to power down for user-defined
amounts of time, using the SLP_CNT control register. The
amount of time specified by the SLP_CNT control register is
equal to the binary count of the 8-bit control word multiplied
by 0.5 sec. Therefore, the 255 codes cover an overall shutdown
period of 127.5 seconds. The SLP_CNT register is volatile and is
set to 0 upon both power-up and subsequent wake-ups from the
power-down period. By setting the SLP_CNT control register to
a nonzero state, the ADIS16203 automatically powers down
once the next sample period is completed and the data output
registers are updated.
Once the ADIS16203 is placed into power-down mode, it can
only return to normal operation by timing out, by a reset command
(using the RST hardware control line), or by cycling the power
applied to the part. Once awake, the data output registers can be
scanned to determine what the state of the output registers were
prior to powering down. Once the data is recovered, the device
can be powered down again by simply writing a nonzero value
to the SLP_CNT control register and starting the process over.
Once the power-down time is complete, the recovery time for
the ADIS16203 is approximately 2 ms. This recovery time is
implemented within the device to allow for recovery of the
ADC prior to performing the next data conversion. Note that
the ND data bit within the data output control registers is cleared
when the ADIS16203 is powered down. Likewise, the new data
hardware I/O line is placed into an inactive state prior to being
powered down. The DAC is placed into a power-down mode as
well, resulting in the DAC output dropping to 0 V during the
power-down period. All control register settings are retained
while powered down with the exception of the SLP_CNT
control register.
SLP_CNT Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x3B, 0x3A 0x0000 Binary R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
Table 18. SLP_CNT Bit Descriptions
Bit Description
15:8 Not used
7:0 Data bits
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 20 of 26
STATUS FEEDBACK
The status control register within the ADIS16203 is utilized in deter-
mining the present state of the device. The ability to monitor the device
becomes necessary when and if the ADIS16203 has registered an alarm
and/or error condition as indicated by the alarm enable (Bit 14) within
the output data registers.
STATUS Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x3D, 0x3C 0x0000 N/A Read only
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
The STATUS control register contains the alarm/error flags that
indicate abnormal operating conditions. See Table 19 for the
definition of each bit. Bit 0 and Bit 1 will automatically clear when
the power supply is in the specified range of operation. Setting Bit 4
in the COMMAND register clears all flags. The flags are set on a
continuing basis as long as the error or alarm conditions persist.
Table 19. STATUS Bit Descriptions
Bit Description
15:10 Not used
9 Alarm 2 Status
1: Active
0: Normal mode
8 Alarm 1 status
1: Active
0: Normal mode
7:6 Not used
5 Self Test Fail
1: Self-test failure
0: Self-test pass
3 SPI Communications Failure
1: Error condition
0: Normal mode
2 Control Register Update Failed
1: Error condition
0: Normal mode.
1 Power Supply Above 3.625 V
1: Error condition
0: Normal mode
0 Power Supply Below 2.975 V
1: Error condition
0: Normal mode
COMMAND CONTROL
The COMMAND control register is utilized in sending global
commands to the ADIS16203 device. Any one of the global
commands can be implemented by simply writing 1 to its
corresponding bit location. The command control register has
write-only capability and is volatile. Table 20 describes each of
these global commands.
COMMAND Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x3F, 0x3E 0x0000 N/A Write only
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
Table 20. COMMAND Bit Descriptions
Bit Description
15:8 Not used.
7 Software Reset Command.
6:5 Not used.
4 Clear Status Register, once per activation
3 Manual Flash Update Command. This command is
utilized in updating all of the nonvolatile registers to
Flash. Once the command is initiated, the supply
voltage, VDD, must remain within specified limits for
50 ms to ensure proper update of the nonvolatile
registers to Flash.
2 Auxiliary DAC Latch Command. This command acts to
latch the AUX_DAC control register data into the
auxiliary DAC upon receipt of the command. This allows
for sequential loading of the upper and lower AUX_DAC
data bytes via the SPI without having the auxiliary DAC
transition into unwanted, intermediate states based
upon the individual AUX_DAC data bytes. Once the two
bytes of AUX_DAC are loaded, the DAC latch command
is initiated to move the data into the auxiliary DAC itself.
1 Factory Reset Command. This command allows the user
to reset the INCL_NULL register to its nominal setting
(0x0000) upon receipt of the command. Data within the
moving average filters is reset. As the manual Flash
command (COMMAND register, Bit 3), this command
stores all of the nonvolatile registers to Flash. Once the
command is initiated, the supply voltage, VDD, must
remain within specified limits for 50 ms to ensure
proper update of the nonvolatile registers to Flash.
0 Null Command. This command loads the inclination
offset register with a value that zeros out the inclination
and outputs. Useful as a single command to simulta-
neously zero the inclination outputs. As the manual
Flash command (COMMAND register, Bit 3), this command
stores all of the nonvolatile registers to Flash. Once the
command is initiated, the supply voltage, VDD, must
remain within specified limits for 50 ms to ensure
proper update of the nonvolatile registers to Flash.
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 21 of 26
MISCELLANEOUS CONTROL REGISTER
The MSC_CTRL control register governs the operation of several
miscellaneous features: using the general purpose I/O for data-ready
(DR) hardware I/O function, reversing the polarity of rotation
(clockwise vs. counter clockwise), and self-test. The control bits for
each of these functions are described in Table 21.
The operation of the data-ready hardware I/O function is very similar to
the alarm hardware I/O function (controlled through the ALM_CTRL
control register). In this case, the MSC_CTRL register can be used in
setting up one of the GPIO pins to serve as the hardware output pin
that indicates when the sampling, conversion, and processing of the
data output variables have been completed. This register provides
the ability to enable the data-ready hardware function and establish
its polarity.
The data-ready hardware I/O pin is reset automatically to an inactive
state part way through the next conversion cycle, resulting in a pulse
train with a duty cycle varying from ~15% to 35%, depending upon
the sample period setting. Upon completion of the next data processing
cycle, the data ready hardware I/O line is set to 1.
The MSC_CTRL, ALM_CTRL, and GPIO_CTRL control registers
can influence the same GPIO pins. A priority level has been established
to avoid conflicting assignments of the two GPIO pins. This priority
level is defined as MSC_CTRL and has precedence over ALM_CTRL,
which has precedence over GPIO_CTRL.
The self-test operation exercises the base accelerometer’s mechanical
structure and establishes a mechanical diagnostic test. The self-test
offers the ability to have the ADIS16203 run an internal diagnostic
test, which returns a pass/fail condition (see the STATUS register
definition of Bit 5 in Table 19). This feature also provides the ability
to observe the incline angle outputs during the self-test function,
which is nominally 37°, regardless of the incline angle of the device.
Note that a self-test changes the contents of SMPL_TIME to improve
the speed of this test. Upon completion, the ADIS16203 restores the
original contents to SMPL_TIME.
MSC_CTRL Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x35, 0x34 0x0000 N/A R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
The 16-bit miscellaneous control register is used in the controlling
of the self-test and data-ready hardware functions. This includes
turning on and off the self-test function, as well as configuring
the data-ready function. For the data-ready function, the written
values are nonvolatile, allowing for data recovery upon reset.
The self-test data is volatile and is set to 0s upon reset. This
register has read/write capability.
Table 21. MSC_CTRL Bit Descriptions
Bit Description
15:11 Not used
10 No Self-Test on Power-Up
1: No self-test on power-up or reset
0: Self-test on power-up enabled (typically requires
approximately 13 ms in high performance mode and
approximately 35 ms in low power mode with every
power-up or reset)
9 Reverse Rotation
1: Reverses rotation of both inclination outputs
0: Normal operation
8 Self-Test Enable
1: ST enabled (continuous self-test)
0: ST disabled
7:3 Not used
2 Data-Ready Enable
1: DR enabled
0: DR disabled
1 Data-Ready Polarity
1: Active high
0: Active low
0 Data-Ready Line Select
1: DIO1
0: DIO0
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 22 of 26
PERIPHERALS
AUXILIARY ADC FUNCTION
The auxiliary ADC function integrates a standard 12-bit ADC into
the ADIS16203 to digitize other system-level analog signals. The
output of the ADC can be monitored through the AUX_ADC
control register, as defined in Table 6. The ADC consists of a 12-bit
successive approximation converter. The output data is presented in
straight binary format with the full-scale range extending from 0 V
to VREF. A high precision, low drift, factory-calibrated 2.5 V reference
is also provided.
Figure 32 shows the equivalent circuit of the analog input structure
of the ADC. The input capacitor, C1, is typically 4 pF and can be
attributed to parasitic package capacitance. The two diodes provide
ESD protection for the analog input. Care must be taken to ensure
that the analog input signals never exceed the supply rails by more
than 300 mV. This would cause these diodes to become forward-biased
and to start conducting. These diodes can handle 10 mA without
causing irreversible damage to the part. The resistor is a lumped
component that represents the on resistance of the switches. The
value of this resistance is typically 100 Ω. Capacitor C2 represents
the ADC sampling capacitor and is typically 16 pF.
C2
C1
R1
VDD
D
D
06108-028
Figure 32. Equivalent Analog Input Circuit
Conversion Phase: Switch Open
Track Phase: Switch Closed
For ac applications, removing high frequency components from the
analog input signal is recommended by using an RC low-pass filter
on the relevant analog input pins.
In applications where harmonic distortion and signal-to-noise ratio
are critical, the analog input should be driven from a low impedance
source. Large source impedances significantly affect the ac performance
of the ADC. This can necessitate the use of an input buffer amplifier.
When no input amplifier is used to drive the analog input, the source
impedance should be limited to values less than 1 kΩ. The maximum
source impedance depends on the amount of total harmonic distortion
(THD) that can be tolerated.
AUXILIARY DAC FUNCTION
The auxiliary DAC function integrates a standard 12-bit DAC
into the ADIS16203. The DAC output is buffered and fed off-chip
to allow for the control of miscellaneous system-level functions.
Data downloads through the writing of two adjacent data bytes
as defined in its register definition. To prevent the DAC from
transitioning through inadvertent states during data downloads,
a single command is used to simultaneously latch both data bytes
into the DAC after they have been written into the AUX_DAC
control register. This command is implemented by writing 1 to
Bit 2 of the command control register and, once received, results in
the DAC output transitioning to the desired state.
The DAC output provides an output range of 0 V to 2.5 V. T h e
DAC output buffer features a true rail-to-rail output stage. This
means that, unloaded, the output is capable of reaching within
5 mV of ground. Moreover, the DAC’s linearity performance
(when driving a 5 kΩ resistive load to ground) is good through
the full transfer function, except for Code 0 to Code 100. Linearity
degradation near ground is caused by saturation of the output
amplifier. As the output is forced to sink more current, the non-
linear region at the bottom of the transfer function becomes
larger. Larger current demands can significantly limit output
voltage swing.
AUX_DAC Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x31, 0x30 0x0000 Binary R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
The AUX_DAC register controls the DAC function of the
ADIS16203. The data bits provide a 12-bit binary format number,
with 0 representing 0 V and 0x0FFFh representing 2.5 V. T h e
data within this register is volatile and is set to 0s upon reset.
This register has read/write capability.
Table 22. AUX_DAC Bit Descriptions
Bit Description
15:12 Not used
11:0 Data bits
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 23 of 26
GENERAL-PURPOSE I/O CONTROL
As previously noted, the ADIS16203 provides two general-purpose,
bidirectional I/O pins (GPIOs) that are available to the user for control
of auxiliary circuits within the target application. All I/O pins are 5 V
tolerant, meaning that the GPIOs support an input voltage of 5 V. Each
GPIO pin has an internal pull-up resistor of approximately 100
and a drive capability of 1.6 mA. The direction, as well as the logic
level, can be controlled for these GPIO pins through the GPIO_CTRL
control register, as defined in Table 23.
These same GPIO pins are also controllable through the ALM_CTRL
and MSC_CTRL control registers. The priority for these three control
registers in controlling the two GPIO pins is MSC_CTRL has prece-
dence over ALM_CTRL, which has precedence over GPIO_CTRL.
GPIO_CTRL Register Definition
Address Default1 Format Access
0x33, 0x32 0x0000 N/A R/W
1 Default is valid only until the first register write cycle.
The data within the general-purpose digital I/O control register is
volatile and is set to 0s upon reset.
Table 23. GPIO_CTRL Bit Descriptions
Bit Description
15:10 Not used
9 General-Purpose I/O Line 1 Polarity
0: Low
1: High
8 General-Purpose I/O Line 0 Polarity
0: Low
1: High
7:2 Not used
1 General-Purpose I/O Line 1, Data Direction Control
0: Input
1: Output
0 General-Purpose I/O Line 0, Data Direction Control
0: Input
1: Output
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 24 of 26
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
HARDWARE CONSIDERATIONS
The ADIS16203 can be operated from a single 3.3 V (3.0 V to 3.6 V)
power supply. The ADIS16203 integrates two decoupling capacitors
that are 1 μF and 0.1 μF in value. For the local operation of the
ADIS16203, no additional power supply decoupling capacitance is
required.
However, if the system power supply presents a substantial amount
of noise, additional filtering may be required. If additional capacitors
are required, connect the ground terminal of each capacitor directly
to the underlying ground plane. Finally, note that all analog and
digital grounds should be referenced to the same system ground
reference point.
GROUNDING AND BOARD LAYOUT
RECOMMENDATIONS
Maintaining low impedance signal return paths can be very critical
in managing system-level noise effects. For best results, use a single,
continuous ground plane that is tied to each ADIS16203 ground pin
via short trace lengths. In addition to maintaining a low impedance
ground structure, routing the SPI signals away from sensitive analog
circuits, such as the ADC and DACs (if they are in use), can help
mitigate system-level noise risks.
SELF-TEST TIPS
When using the ADIS16203’s self-test function to monitor
incline angles around, using the INCL_180_OUT register is
more convenient than using the INCL_OUT register. Because
the measurements in the INCL_OUT register jump from 0 to
359.975, they may trigger false alarms. The same philosophy
can be applied to monitoring conditions around 180°. Because
the INCL_OUT provides continuous measurements through
180° and the INCL_180_OUT abruptly changes from 180° to
+180°, the INCL_OUT register is a more convenient choice.
BAND GAP REFERENCE
The ADIS16203 provides an on-chip band gap reference of
2.5 V that is utilized by the on-board ADC and DAC. This
internal reference also appears on the VREF pin. This reference
can be connected to external circuits in the system. An external
buffer would be required because of the low drive capability of
the VREF output.
|:||:I|:||:I7 |:||:I|:||:I |:ll:ll:l|:l
Data Sheet ADIS16203
Rev. C | Page 25 of 26
POWER SUPPLY CONSIDERATIONS
The ADIS16203 is a precision sensing system that uses an embedded
processor for critical interface and signal processing functions.
Supporting this processor requires a low impedance power supply,
which can manage transient current demands that happen during
normal operation, as well as during the start-up process. Transient
current demands start when the voltage on the VDD pin reaches
~2.1 V. Therefore, it is important for the voltage on the VDD pin to
reach 3 V as quickly as possible. Linear VDD ramp profiles that
reach 3 V in 100 µs provide reliable results when used in conjunction
with design practices that support a low dynamic source impedance.
The ADP1712 is a linear regulator that can support the recommended
ramp profile. See the ADIS1620x/21x/22x Power Regulator
Suggestion page for a reference design suggestion for using this
regulator with the ADIS16203.
Power-On-Reset Function
The ADIS16203 has a power-on-reset (POR) function that triggers a
reset if the voltage on the VDD pin fails to transition between 2.35 V
and 2.7 V within 128 ms.
Transient Current from VDD Ramp Rate
Because the ADIS16203 contains 2 μF of decoupling capacitance on
VDD and some systems may use additional filtering capacitance, the
VDD ramp rate has a direct impact on the initial transient current
requirements. Use the following formula to estimate the transient
current associated with the capacitance (C) and VDD ramp rate
(dV/dt):
( )
dt
dV
Cti =
For example, if VDD transitions from 0 V to 3.3 V in 33 µs, dV/dt is
equal to 100000 V/S (3.3 V/33 µs). When charging the internal 2 µF
capacitor (no external capacitance), the charging current for this
ramp rate is 200 mA during the 33 µs ramp time. This relationship
provides a tool for evaluating the initial charging currents against the
current-limit thresholds of system power supplies, which can cause
power supply interruptions and the appearance of failed startups.
This relationship can also be important for maintaining surge
current ratings of series elements.
ASSEMBLY
When developing a process flow for installing ADIS16203
devices on printed circuit boards (PCBs), see the JEDEC J-STD-
020C standard for reflow temperature profile and processing
information. The ADIS16203 can use the tin (Sn), lead (Pb)
eutectic process and the Pb-free eutectic process from this
standard. One exception to the standard is that the peak
temperature exposure is 240°C. For a complete list of assembly
process suggestions, see the ADIS162xx LGA Assembly
Guidelines page. See Figure 33 for an example pattern of the
location of the ADIS16203 on a PCB.
EXAMPLE PAD LAYOUT
1.178 BSC
(8 PLCS)
0.500 BSC
(16 PLCS)
1.127 BSC
(16 PLCS)
0.670 BSC
(12 PLCS)
7.873 BSC
(2 PLCS)
06108-031
Figure 33. Example Pad Layout
X-RAY SENSITIVITY
Exposure to high dose rate X-rays, such as those in production
systems that inspect solder joints in electronic assemblies, may
affect accelerometer bias errors. For optimal performance, avoid
exposing the ADIS16203 to this type of inspection.
ANALOG DEVICES www.analug.cum
ADIS16203 Data Sheet
Rev. C | Page 26 of 26
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
121409-C
SIDE VIEW
TOP VIEW BOTTOM VIEW
PIN 1
INDICATOR
1.000 BSC
(16×)
3.90
MAX
1
4
58
9
1213 16
5.391
BSC
(4×)
2.6955
BSC
(8×)
5.00
TYP
8.373
BSC
(2×)
0.200
MIN
(ALL S
IDES)
0.797 BSC
(12×)
0.373 BSC
(16×)
9.35
9.20 SQ
9.05
Figure 34. 16-Terminal Land Grid Array [LGA]
(CC-16-2)
Dimensions shown in millimeters
ORDERING GUIDE
Model1 Temperature Range Package Description Package Option
ADIS16203CCCZ −40°C to +125°C 16-Terminal Land Grid Array [LGA] CC-16-2
ADIS16203/PCBZ Evaluation Board
EVAL-ADIS2Z Evaluation System
1 Z = RoHS Compliant Part.
©20062019 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved. Trademarks and
registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
D06108-0-3/19(C)

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