FG Series Datasheet by KEMET

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E‘ectromc Components KEIl/IEI' CHARGED.‘ Capacitance Tolerance
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One world. One KEMET
Benefits
• Widerangeoftemperaturefrom−25°Cto+70°C
(FGandFGHtypes)and−40°Cto+85°C(FGRtype)
Maintenance free
Maximum operating voltages of 3.5 VDC and 5.5 VDC
Highly reliable against liquid leakage
• Lead-freeandRoHScompliant
Overview
FG Series Supercapacitors, also known as Electric Double-
Layer Capacitors (EDLCs), are intended for high energy
storage applications.
Applications
Supercapacitors have characteristics ranging from
traditional capacitors and batteries. As a result,
supercapacitors can be used like a secondary battery
when applied in a DC circuit. These devices are best suited
for use in low voltage DC hold-up applications such as
embeddedmicroprocessorsystemswithflashmemory.
Supercapacitors
FG Series
Part Number System
FG 0H 104 Z F
Series Maximum Operating Voltage Capacitance Code (F)
Capacitance
Tolerance
Environmental
FG
FGH
FGR
0V = 3.5 VDC
0H = 5.5 VDC
First two digits represent
significantfigures.Thirddigit
specifiesnumberofzeros.
Z=−20/+80% F = Lead-free
CHARGED! El/H
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
Dimensions – Millimeters
d
1
± 0.1
P ± 0.5
Sleeve
ø D ± 0.5
0.3 Minimum
H Maximum
Minimum
d
2
± 0.1
(Terminal)
Part Number ø D H P d1d2
FG0H103ZF
11.0
5.5
5.08
2.7
0.2
1.2
FG0H223ZF
11.0
5.5
5.08
2.7
0.2
1.2
FG0H473ZF
11.0
5.5
5.08
2.7
0.2
1.2
FG0H104ZF
11.0
6.5
5.08
2.7
0.2
1.2
FG0H224ZF
13.0
9.0
5.08
2.2
0.4
1.2
FG0H474ZF
14.5
18.0
5.08
2.4
0.4
1.2
FG0H105ZF
16.5
19.0
5.08
2.7
0.4
1.2
FG0H225ZF
21.5
19.0
7.62
3.0
0.6
1.2
FG0H475ZF
28.5
22.0
10.16
6.1
0.6
1.4
FG0V155ZF
16.5
14.0
5.08
3.1
0.4
1.2
FGH0H104ZF
11.0
5.5
5.08
2.7
0.2
1.2
FGH0H224ZF
11.0
7.0
5.08
2.7
0.2
1.2
FGH0H474ZF
16.5
8.0
5.08
2.7
0.4
1.2
FGH0H105ZF
21.5
9.5
7.62
3.0
0.6
1.2
FGH0V474ZF
13.0
7.5
5.08
2.7
0.4
1.2
FGR0H474ZF
14.5
18.0
5.08
2.4
0.4
1.2
FGR0H105ZF
16.5
19.0
5.08
2.7
0.4
1.2
FGR0H225ZF
21.5
19.0
7.62
3.0
0.6
1.2
ammmc compmm KEIVIEI' crummy: approximately 500 to 1,000 times
3© KEMET Electronics Corporation • KEMET Tower • One East Broward Boulevard S6013_FG • 8/24/2018
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
Performance Characteristics
Supercapacitors should not be used for applications such as ripple absorption because of their high internal resistance
(severalhundredmΩtoahundredΩ)comparedtoaluminumelectrolyticcapacitors.Thus,itsmainusewouldbe
similar to that of secondary battery such as power back-up in DC circuit. The following list shows the characteristics of
supercapacitors as compared to aluminum electrolytic capacitors for power back-up and secondary batteries.
Secondary Battery Capacitor
NiCd Lithium Ion Aluminum Electrolytic Supercapacitor
Back-up ability – – – –
Eco-hazard Cd – –
OperatingTemperatureRange −20to+60°C 20to+50°C −55to+105°C −40to+85°C(FR,FT)
Charge Time few hours few hours few seconds few seconds
Charge/Discharge Life Time approximately 500 times
approximately 500 to 1,000
times
limitless (*1) limitless (*1)
Restrictionson
Charge/Discharge yes yes none none
Flow Soldering not applicable not applicable applicable applicable
Automatic Mounting not applicable not applicable applicable applicable
(FM and FC series)
SafetyRisks leakage, explosion leakage, combustion,
explosion, ignition heat-up, explosion gas emission (*2)
(*1) Aluminum electrolytic capacitors and supercapacitors have limited lifetime. However, when used under proper conditions, both can operate within a
predetermined lifetime.
(*2) There is no harm as it is a mere leak of water vapor which transitioned from water contained in the electrolyte (diluted sulfuric acid). However,
application of abnormal voltage surge exceeding maximum operating voltage may result in leakage and explosion.
Typical Applications
Intended Use (Guideline) Power Supply (Guideline) Application Examples of Equipment Series
Long time back-up 500μAandbelow CMOS microcomputer,
IC for clocks
CMOS microcomputer,
staticRAM/DTS
(digital tuning system)
FG series
Environmental Compliance
AllKEMETsupercapacitorsareRoHSCompliant.
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
Table 1 – Ratings & Part Number Reference
Part Number
Maximum
Operating
Voltage (VDC)
Nominal Capacitance Maximum ESR
at 1 kHz (Ω)
Maximum
Current at 30
Minutes (mA)
Voltage Holding
Characteristic
Minimum (V)
Weight (g)
Charge
System (F)
Discharge
System (F)
FG0V155ZF
3.5
1.5
2.2
65
1.5
5.2
FG0H103ZF 5.5 0.010 0.013 300 0.015 4.2 0.9
FG0H223ZF
5.5
0.022
0.028
200
0.033
4.2
1.0
FG0H473ZF
5.5
0.047
0.060
200
0.071
4.2
1.0
FG0H104ZF 5.5 0.10 0.13 100 0.15 4.2 1.3
FGH0H104ZF 5.5 0.10 100 0.15 4.2 1.0
FG0H224ZF 5.5 0.22 0.28 100 0.33 4.2 2.5
FGH0H224ZF
5.5
0.22
100
0.33
4.2
1.3
FGH0H105ZF
5.5
0.47
1.0
35
1.5
4.2
7.2
FGH0H474ZF 5.5 0.47 65 0.71 4.2 4.1
FGH0V474ZF 3.5 0.47 25 0.42 2.6
FG0H474ZF 5.5 0.47 0.60 120 0.71 4.2 5.1
FGR0H474ZF
5.5
0.47
0.60
120
0.71
4.2
5.1
FG0H105ZF
5.5
1.0
1.3
65
1.5
4.2
7.0
FGR0H105ZF 5.5 1.0 1.3 65 1.5 4.2 7.0
FG0H225ZF 5.5 2.2 2.8 35 3.3 4.2 12.1
FGR0H225ZF 5.5 2.2 2.8 35 3.3 4.2 12.1
FG0H475ZF
5.5
4.7
6.0
35
7.1
4.2
27.3
Part numbers in bold type represent popularly purchased components.
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5© KEMET Electronics Corporation • KEMET Tower • One East Broward Boulevard S6013_FG • 8/24/2018
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301 USA • 954-766-2800 • www.kemet.com
Supercapacitors – FG Series
Specifications
Item FG, FGH Type FGR Type Test Conditions
(conforming to JIS C 5160-1)
CategoryTemperatureRange −25°Cto+70°C −40°Cto+85°C
Maximum Operating Voltage 5.5 VDC, 3.5 VDC 5.5 VDC
Capacitance RefertoTable1 RefertoTable1 Referto“MeasurementConditions
Capacitance Allowance +80%,−20% +80%,−20% Referto“MeasurementConditions
ESR RefertoTable1 RefertoTable1 Measuredat1kHz,10mA;Seealso
“MeasurementConditions”
Current (30 minutes value) RefertoTable1 RefertoTable1 Referto“MeasurementConditions
Surge
Capacitance >90%ofinitialratings >90%ofinitialratings
Surge voltage:
Charge:
Discharge:
Number of cycles:
Series resistance:
Discharge
resistance:
Temperature:
6.3 V (5.5 V type)
4.0 V (3.5 V type)
30 seconds
9 minutes 30 seconds
1,000
0.010F1,500Ω
0.022F 560Ω
0.047F 300Ω
0.10F 150Ω
0.22F 56Ω
0.47F 30Ω
1.0F,1.5F 15Ω
2.2F,4.7F 10Ω
0Ω
70±2°C(FG,FGH)
85±2°C(FGR)
ESR ≤120%ofinitialratings ≤120%ofinitialratings
Current (30
minutes
value)
≤120%ofinitialratings ≤120%ofinitialratings
Appearance No obvious abnormality No obvious abnormality
Characteristics
in Different
Temperature
Capacitance Phase
2
≥50%of
initial value Phase
2
≥50%of
initial value Conforms to 4.17
Phase 1:
Phase 2:
Phase 3:
Phase 4:
Phase 5:
Phase 6:
+25±2°C
−25±2°C
−4C(FGR)
+25±2°C
+70±2°C(FG,FGH)
+8C(FGR)
+25±2°C
ESR ≤400%of
initial value
≤400%of
initial value
Capacitance Phase
3
Phase
3
≥30%of
initial value
ESR ≤700%of
initial value
Capacitance
Phase
5
≤200%of
initial value
Phase
5
≤200%of
initial value
ESR Satisfy initial
ratings
Satisfy initial
ratings
Current (30
minutes
value)
≤1.5CV(mA) ≤1.5CV(mA)
Capacitance
Phase
6
Within±20%of
initial value
Phase
6
Within±20%of
initial value
ESR Satisfy initial
ratings
Satisfy initial
ratings
Current (30
minutes
value)
Satisfy initial
ratings
Satisfy initial
ratings
Vibration
Resistance
Capacitance
Satisfy initial ratings Satisfy initial ratings
Conforms to 4.13
Frequency:
Testing Time:
10to55Hz
6 hours
ESR
Current (30
minutes
value)
Appearance No obvious abnormality No obvious abnormality
Solderability Over 3/4 of the terminal should be
covered by the new solder
Over 3/4 of the terminal should be
covered by the new solder
Conforms to 4.11
Solder temp:
Dipping time:
+245±5°C
5±0.5 seconds
1.6 mm from the bottom should be dipped.
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
Specifications cont’d
Item FG, FGH Type FGR Type Test Conditions
(conforming to JIS C 5160-1)
Solder Heat
Resistance
Capacitance
Satisfy initial ratings Satisfy initial ratings
Conforms to 4.10
Solder temp:
Dipping time:
+260±10°C
10±1 seconds
ESR
Current (30
minutes
value)
Appearance No obvious abnormality No obvious abnormality 1.6 mm from the bottom should be dipped.
Temperature
Cycle
Capacitance
Satisfy initial ratings Satisfy initial ratings
Conforms to 4.12
Temperature
Condition:
Number of cycles:
Minimum temperature
»Roomtemperature
» Category maximum
temperature
»Roomtemperature
5 cycles
ESR
Current (30
minutes
value)
Appearance No obvious abnormality No obvious abnormality
High
Temperature
and High
Humidity
Resistance
Capacitance Within±20%ofinitialvalue Within±20%ofinitialvalue Conforms to 4.14
Temperature:
Relativehumidity:
Testing time:
+40±2°C
90to95%RH
240±8 hours
ESR ≤120%ofinitialratings ≤120%ofinitialratings
Current (30
minutes
value)
≤120%ofinitialratings ≤120%ofinitialratings
Appearance No obvious abnormality No obvious abnormality
High
Temperature
Load
Capacitance Within±30%ofinitialvalue Within±30%ofinitialvalue Conforms to 4.15
Temperature:
Voltage applied:
Series protection
resistance:
Testing time:
Category maximum
temperature±2°C
Maximum operating
voltage
0Ω
1,000+48(+48/−0)
hours
ESR <200%ofinitialratings <200%ofinitialratings
Current (30
minutes
value)
<200%ofinitialratings <200%ofinitialratings
Appearance No obvious abnormality No obvious abnormality
Self Discharge Characteristics
(Voltage Holding
Characteristics)
5.5 V type: Voltage between terminal
leads > 4.2 V
3.5Vtype:Notspecified
Voltage between terminal leads > 4.2 V
Charging condition
Voltage applied:
Series resistance:
Charging time:
5.0 VDC (Terminal at
the case side must be
negative)
0Ω
24 hours
Storage
Let stand for 24 hours in condition described
below with terminals opened.
Ambient
temperature:
Relativehumidity:
<25°C
<70%RH
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
Marking
A1
001
A1
FG FG5.5 V 5.5 V
0.22 F 0.22 F
Negative polarity
identification mark
Super Capacitor
Maximum
operating
voltage
Nominal
capacitance
Date
code
Serial
number
Packaging Quantities
Part Number Bulk Quantity per Box
FG0H103ZF
2,000 pieces
FG0H223ZF
2,000 pieces
FG0H473ZF
2,000 pieces
FG0H104ZF
1,600 pieces
FG0H224ZF
800 pieces
FG0H474ZF
300 pieces
FG0H105ZF
240 pieces
FG0H225ZF
90 pieces
FG0H475ZF
50 pieces
FG0V155ZF
160 pieces
FGH0H104ZF
2,000 pieces
FGH0H224ZF
1,600 pieces
FGH0H474ZF
600 pieces
FGH0H105ZF
90 pieces
FGH0V474ZF
800 pieces
FGR0H474ZF
300 pieces
FGR0H105ZF
240 pieces
FGR0H225ZF
90 pieces
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
List of Plating & Sleeve Type
By changing the solder plating from leaded solder to lead-free solder and the outer tube material of can-cased conventional
supercapacitor from polyvinyl chloride to polyethylene terephthalate (PET), our supercapacitor is now even friendlier to the
environment.
a.Iron+copperbase+lead-freesolderplating(Sn-1Cu)
b.SUSnickelbase+copperbase+reflowlead-freesolderplating(100%Sn,reflowprocessed)
Series Part Number Plating Sleeve
FG
FG0H103ZF bPET (Blue)
FG0H223ZF bPET (Blue)
FG0H473ZF bPET (Blue)
FG0H104ZF bPET (Blue)
FG0H224ZF aPET (Blue)
FG0H474ZF aPET (Blue)
FG0H105ZF aPET (Blue)
FG0H225ZF aPET (Blue)
FG0H475ZF aPET (Blue)
FG0V155ZF aPET (Blue)
FGH0H104ZF bPET (Blue)
FGH0H224ZF bPET (Blue)
FGH0H474ZF aPET (Blue)
FGH0H105ZF aPET (Blue)
FGH0V474ZF aPET (Blue)
AllFGRTypes aPET (Blue)
Recommended Pb-free solder :
Sn/3.5Ag/0.75Cu
Sn/3.0Ag/0.5Cu
Sn/0.7Cu
Sn/2.5Ag/1.0Bi/0.5Cu
Ei-cunmc Companm; KEIVIEI' CHARGED! Rc char Resistor Selection Guide UH: Discharge 0V: 1,000 D
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
Measurement Conditions
Capacitance (Charge System)
Capacitanceiscalculatedfromexpression(9)bymeasuringthechargetimeconstant(τ)ofthecapacitor(C).Priorto
measurement, the capacitor is discharged by shorting both pins of the device for at least 30 minutes. In addition, use the polarity
indicator on the device to determine correct orientation of capacitor for charging.
Eo: 3.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 3.5 V
5.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 5.5 V
6.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 6.5 V
10.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 11 V
12.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage of 12 V
τ: TimefromstartofcharginguntilVcbecomes0.632Eo(V)
(seconds)
Rc: Seetablebelow(Ω).
Charge Resistor Selection Guide
Cap FA FE FS FY FR FM, FME
FMR, FML FMC FG
FGR FGH FT FC, FCS HV
FYD FYH FYL
0.010 F
5,000Ω
5,000Ω
5,000Ω
0.022 F
1,000Ω
1,000Ω
2,000Ω
2,000Ω
2,000Ω
2,000Ω
2,000Ω
2,000Ω
Discharge
0.033 F
Discharge
0.047 F
1,000Ω
1,000Ω
1,000Ω
2,000Ω
1,000Ω
2,000Ω
1,000Ω
2,000Ω
1,000Ω
2,000Ω
0.10 F
510Ω
510Ω
510Ω
1,000Ω
510Ω
1,000Ω
1,000Ω
1,000Ω
1,000Ω
Discharge
510Ω
Discharge
0.22 F 200Ω 200Ω 200Ω 510Ω 510Ω 510Ω
0H: Discharge
0V:1,000Ω
1,000Ω Discharge 200Ω Discharge
0.33 F
Discharge
0.47 F
100Ω
100Ω
100Ω
200Ω
200Ω
200Ω
1,000Ω
Discharge
100Ω
Discharge
1.0 F
51Ω
51Ω
100Ω
100Ω
100Ω
100Ω
510Ω
Discharge
100Ω
Discharge
Discharge
1.4 F
200Ω
1.5 F
51Ω
510Ω
2.2 F
100Ω
200Ω
51Ω
2.7 F
Discharge
3.3 F
51Ω
4.7 F
100Ω
Discharge
5.0 F
100Ω
5.6 F
20Ω
10.0 F
Discharge
22.0 F
Discharge
50.0 F
Discharge
100.0 F
Discharge
200.0 F
Discharge
*Capacitance values according to the constant current discharge method.
*HV Series capacitance is measured by discharge system
Vc
Rc
Switch
C+
Eo
Capacitance:
C =
τ
(F) (9)
Rc
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
Measurement Conditions cont’d
Capacitance (Discharge System)
As shown in the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes once the voltage of the capacitor
terminal reaches 5.5 V. Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop
from 3.0 to 2.5 V upon discharge at 0.22 mA per 0.22 F, for example, and calculate the static capacitance according to the
equation shown below.
Note: The current value is 1 mA discharged per 1 F.
Capacitance (Discharge System – 3.5 V)
As shown in the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes once the voltage of the capacitor
terminal reaches 3.5 V. Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from
1.8 to 1.5 V upon discharge at 1.0 mA per 1.0 F, for example, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation
shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System – HV Series)
As shown in the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes once the voltage of the capacitor
terminal reaches maximum operating voltage. Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the
terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5 V upon discharge at 1.0 mA per 1.0 F, and calculate the static capacitance according
to the equation shown below.
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T
2
T
1
)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T
2
T
1
)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
36 Super Capacitors Vol.13
9. Measurement Conditions
V
C
R
C
E
O
Swich
C
+
EO: 3.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
3.5 V
5.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
5.5 V
6.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
6.5 V
10.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
11 V
12.0 (V) Product with maximum operating voltage
12 V
τ: Time from start of charging until Vc becomes
0.632E0 (V) (sec)
RC: See table below ().
Capacitance: C = (F) (9)
τ
RC
Capacitance (Discharge System)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the condensor terminal
reaches 5.5 V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 3.0 to 2.5 V upon
discharge at 0.22 mA for 0.22 F, for example, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Note: The current value is 1 mA discharged per 1F.
A
VC R
5.5V
SW 0.22mA(I)
30 min. T1 T2
V1 : 2.5V
V1 : 3.0V
5.5V
V1
V2
Voltage
Duration (sec.)
Table 3 Capacitance measurement
CapactanceC (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
(1) Capacitance ( Charge System )
Capacitance is calculated from expression (9) by measuring the charge time constant (τ) of the capacitor (C). Prior to
measurement, short between both pins of the capacitor for 30 minutes or more to let it discharge. In addition, follow the indication
of the product when determining the polarity of the capacitor during charging.
FA FE FS FY FR FM, FME
FMR, FML FMC FG
FGR FGH FT FC,
FCS
FYD FYH FYL
0.010F 5000 5000 5000 –––
0.022F 1000 1000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000
Discharge
0.033F Discharge
0.047F 1000 1000 1000 2000 1000 2000 1000 2000 1000 2000 –––
0.10F 510 510 510 1000 510 1000 1000 1000 1000
Discharge
510
Discharge
0.22F 200 200 200 510 510 510
0H: Discharge
0V: 1000
1000
Discharge
200
Discharge
0.33F
Discharge
––––
0.47F 100 100 100 200 200 200 1000
Discharge
100
Discharge
1.0F 51 51 100 100 100 100 510
Discharge
100
Discharge
1.4F 200 ––– –––––
1.5F 51 510 –––
2.2F 100 200 51
3.3F 51
4.7F 100 –––
5.0F 100 –––– –––––
5.6F 20
*Capacitance values according to the constant current discharge method.
*HV series capacitance is measured by discharge system.
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T
2
T
1
)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
ammm Compancnls KEIl/IEI' EHARGED! 0.01
11© KEMET Electronics Corporation • KEMET Tower • One East Broward Boulevard S6013_FG • 8/24/2018
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301 USA • 954-766-2800 • www.kemet.com
Supercapacitors – FG Series
Measurement Conditions cont’d
Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR)
ESRshallbecalculatedfromtheequationbelow.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below. Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for
a minimum of 30 minutes. The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power
supply.
Eo: 2.5 VDC (HV Series 50 F)
2.7 VDC (HV Series except 50 F)
3.0 VDC (3.5 V type)
5.0 VDC (5.5 V type)
Rc: 1000Ω(0.010F,0.022F,0.047F)
 100Ω(0.10F,0.22F,0.47F)
 10Ω(1.0F,1.5F,2.2F,4.7F)
 2.2Ω(HVSeries)
Self-Discharge Characteristic (0H – 5.5 V Products)
Theself-dischargecharacteristicismeasuredbychargingavoltageof5.0VDC(chargeprotectionresistance:0Ω)
according to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-
pinvoltage.Thetestshouldbecarriedoutinanenvironmentwithanambienttemperatureof25°Corbelowandrelative
humidityof70%RHorbelow.
the soldering is checked.
4. Dismantling
There is a small amount of electrolyte stored within the capacitor. Do not attempt to dismantle as direct skin contact with
theelectrolytewillcauseburning.Thisproductshouldbetreatedasindustrialwasteandnotisnottobedisposedofbyfire.
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
V
R
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
Super Capacitors Vol.13 37
Capacitance (Discharge System:3.5V)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches 3.5V.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 1.8 to 1.5V upon
discharge at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Capacitance (Discharge System:HVseries)
In the diagram below, charging is performed for a duration of 30 minutes, once the voltage of the capacitor terminal reaches
Max. operating voltage.
Then, use a constant current load device and measure the time for the terminal voltage to drop from 2.0 to 1.5V upon discharge
at 1 mA per 1F, and calculate the static capacitance according to the equation shown below.
Equivalent series resistance (ESR)
ESR shall be calculated from the equation below.
Current (at 30 minutes after charging)
Current shall be calculated from the equation below.
Prior to measurement, both lead terminals must be short-circuited for a minimum of 30 minutes.
The lead terminal connected to the metal can case is connected to the negative side of the power supply.
Eo 2.5Vdc (HVseries 50F)
2.7Vdc (HVseries except 50F)
3.0Vdc (3.5V type)
5.0Vdc (5.5V type)
Rc 1000Ω (0.010F, 0.022F, 0.047F)
100Ω (0.10F, 0.22F, 0.47F)
10Ω (1.0F, 1.5F, 2.2F, 4.7F)
2.2Ω (HVseries)
Self-discharge characteristic (0H: 5.5V products)
The self-discharge characteristic is measured by charging a voltage of 5.0 Vdc (charge protection resistance: 0Ω) according
to the capacitor polarity for 24 hours, then releasing between the pins for 24 hours and measuring the pin-to-pin voltage.
The test should be carried out in an environment with an ambient temperature of 25 or below and relative humidity of 70%
RH or below.
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
30 minutes
T1T2
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 1.8V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
A
VC R
3.5V
SW
V2 : 1.5V
V1 : 2.0V
3.5V
(V)
V1
V2
Time (sec.)
30 minutes
T1T2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
C (F)
I×(T2T1)
V1V2
Current (A)
VR
RC
ESR (Ω)
VC
0.01 C
10mA
VC
f:1kHz
C
SW
RC
E
O
VR
ammm Compancnls KEIVIEI' cumin:
12© KEMET Electronics Corporation • KEMET Tower • One East Broward Boulevard S6013_FG • 8/24/2018
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33301 USA • 954-766-2800 • www.kemet.com
Supercapacitors – FG Series
Notes on Using Supercapacitors or Electric Double-Layer Capacitors (EDLCs)
1. Circuitry Design
1.1 Useful life
The FC Series Supercapacitor (EDLC) uses an electrolyte in a sealed container. Water in the electrolyte can evaporate
while in use over long periods of time at high temperatures, thus reducing electrostatic capacity which in turn will create
greater internal resistance. The characteristics of the supercapacitor can vary greatly depending on the environment in
which it is used. Basic breakdown mode is an open mode due to increased internal resistance.
1.2Failrateinthefield
Basedonfielddata,thefailrateiscalculatedatapproximately0.006Fit.Weestimatethatunreportedfailuresareten
times this amount. Therefore, we assume that the fail rate is below 0.06 Fit.
1.3 Exceeding maximum usable voltage
Performance may be compromised and in some cases leakage or damage may occur if applied voltage exceeds
maximum working voltage.
1.4 Use of capacitor as a smoothing capacitor (ripple absorption)
As supercapacitors contain a high level of internal resistance, they are not recommended for use as smoothing
capacitors in electrical circuits. Performance may be compromised and, in some cases, leakage or damage may occur if
a supercapacitor is used in ripple absorption.
1.5 Series connections
As applied voltage balance to each supercapacitor is lost when used in series connection, excess voltage may be
applied to some supercapacitors, which will not only negatively affect its performance but may also cause leakage
and/or damage. Allow ample margin for maximum voltage or attach a circuit for applying equal voltage to each
supercapacitor (partial pressure resistor/voltage divider) when using supercapacitors in series connection. Also,
arrange supercapacitors so that the temperature between each capacitor will not vary.
1.6 Case Polarity
The supercapacitor is manufactured so that the terminal on the outer case is negative (-). Align the (-) symbol during
use. Even though discharging has been carried out prior to shipping, any residual electrical charge may negatively affect
other parts.
1.7 Use next to heat emitters
Usefullifeofthesupercapacitorwillbesignificantlyaffectedifusednearheatemittingitems(coils,powertransistors
and posistors, etc.) where the supercapacitor itself may become heated.
1.8 Usage environment
This device cannot be used in any acidic, alkaline or similar type of environment.
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
Notes on Using Supercapacitors or Electric Double-Layer Capacitors (EDLCs) contd
2. Mounting
2.1Mountingontoareflowfurnace
ExceptfortheFCseries,itisnotpossibletomountthiscapacitorontoanIR/VPSreflowfurnace.Donotimmersethe
capacitor into a soldering dip tank.
2.2 Flow soldering conditions
SeeRecommendedReflowCurvesinSection–PrecautionsforUse
2.3 Installation using a soldering iron
Care must be taken to prevent the soldering iron from touching other parts when soldering. Keep the tip of the soldering
ironunder400°Candsolderingtimetowithin3seconds.Alwaysmakesurethatthetemperatureofthetipiscontrolled.
Internal capacitor resistance is likely to increase if the terminals are overheated.
2.4 Lead terminal processing
Do not attempt to bend or polish the capacitor terminals with sand paper, etc. Soldering may not be possible if the
metallic plating is removed from the top of the terminals.
2.5 Cleaning, Coating, and Potting
Except for the FM series, cleaning, coating and potting must not be carried out. Consult KEMET if this type of procedure
is necessary. Terminals should be dried at less than the maximum operating temperature after cleaning.
3. Storage
3.1 Temperature and humidity
Makesurethatthesupercapacitorisstoredaccordingtothefollowingconditions:Temperature:5–35°C(Standard
25°C),Humidity:20–70%(Standard:50%).Donotallowthebuildupofcondensationthroughsuddentemperature
change.
3.2 Environment conditions
Make sure there are no corrosive gasses such as sulfur dioxide, as penetration of the lead terminals is possible. Always
store this item in an area with low dust and dirt levels. Make sure that the packaging will not be deformed through heavy
loading, movement and/or knocks. Keep out of direct sunlight and away from radiation, static electricity and magnetic
fields.
3.3 Maximum storage period
This item may be stored up to one year from the date of delivery if stored at the conditions stated above.
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Supercapacitors – FG Series
KEMET Electronics Corporation Sales Offi ces
Foracompletelistofourglobalsalesoffices,pleasevisitwww.kemet.com/sales.
Disclaimer
Allproductspecifications,statements,informationanddata(collectively,the“Information”)inthisdatasheetaresubjecttochange.Thecustomerisresponsible
for checking and verifying the extent to which the Information contained in this publication is applicable to an order at the time the order is placed. All Information
given herein is believed to be accurate and reliable, but it is presented without guarantee, warranty, or responsibility of any kind, expressed or implied. Statements
ofsuitabilityforcertainapplicationsarebasedonKEMETElectronicsCorporation’s(“KEMET)knowledgeoftypicaloperatingconditionsforsuchapplications,but
arenotintendedtoconstitute–andKEMETspecificallydisclaims–anywarrantyconcerningsuitabilityforaspecificcustomerapplicationoruse.TheInformation
is intended for use only by customers who have the requisite experience and capability to determine the correct products for their application. Any technical advice
inferred from this Information or otherwise provided by KEMET with reference to the use of KEMET’s products is given gratis, and KEMET assumes no obligation or
liability for the advice given or results obtained.
Although KEMET designs and manufactures its products to the most stringent quality and safety standards, given the current state of the art, isolated component
failures may still occur. Accordingly, customer applications which require a high degree of reliability or safety should employ suitable designs or other safeguards
(such as the installation of protective circuitry or redundancies) in order to ensure that the failure of an electrical component does not result in a risk of personal
injuryorpropertydamage.
Although all product-related warnings, cautions and notes must be observed, the customer should not assume that all safety measures are indicted or that other
measures may not be required.
KEMET is a registered trademark of KEMET Electronics Corporation.

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